Back Pain During Pregnancy
One of the most common disorders during pregnancy is back pain. These pains can make the pregnancy, which is already a challenging process, more difficult especially in the last months of pregnancy. This text explains shortly the causes of back pain and how to lessen back pain during pregnancy.
Low Back Pain During Pregnancy Is an Inevitable Fact
Most of the pregnant women suffer from low back pain generally in the 5th and 7th months of pregnancy. These pains leave your body after birth, but gynecologists consider them as an inevitable complaint of pregnancy. These back pains generally disappear after one or three months of birth. However, some things make low back pain important in pregnancy. Back pain affects the quality of life in one-third of cases. It may also experience this pain in later pregnancies and become chronic in 10 – 15% percent of cases.
The most common pains seen in pregnancy are the ones that occur as a result of tightening or loosening of muscles or joints which are in pelvic and abdominal areas. Pregnant women may experience both of them at the same time, and back pain seen in during pregnancy may occur as a result of biomechanical, hormonal, vascular or other causes.
Those who have lordotic curves (lordosis) before pregnancy are more likely to experience back pain
Studies show that low back pain during pregnancy is not due to weight gain and postural changes caused by belly growth, but it occurs because of having more curvature in the low back than normal.
It may be essential to know that gaining too much weight in a short time may cause back pain in this process.
The development of the fetus and changing in the uterus may cause pain as a result of the imbalance between abdomen and back muscles or increase in uterus size.
You may manage your low back pain by taking the following precautions:
Getting fit before pregnancy and having a strong back and abdominal muscles may lessen back pain, but it does not reduce the hip and pelvic pain during pregnancy. Some pregnant women’s relaxin levels may be higher than other ones. This hormone increases the pain in these areas. To become more comfortable during pregnancy:
- Get enough vitamin D and calcium.
- Walk regularly
- Maintain good posture to reduce the strain on the muscles.
- Change position frequently while sitting.
- Use lumbar support pillow while sitting on the chair.
- Avoid sleeping on your back if your back hurt at nights. You may sleep on your side or use a pillow to support your belly.
- Avoid exercises that hurt your hips or abdominal.
- Do not stand still for a long time.
- Keep one of your food on the step board to loosen your muscles during long sitting and standing.
- Perform breathing and relaxation exercises.
- Avoid wearing high heels
- Rest frequently during the day.
- Use cold or hot therapy several times a day (no more than 20 minutes at 1- or 2-hour intervals)
- Get a massage
- Take a painkiller under medical supervision if you are in so much pain.