First Aid for Pregnant Women

15.12.2018
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First Aid for Pregnant Women

Accidents such as injuries and bleeding during pregnancy can sometimes endanger the life of the mother and the baby. This text provides information on how the first aid should be in accidents and injuries during pregnancy.

Bleeding during pregnancy

If bleeding occurs within the first eight weeks of pregnancy, the mother should be taken to a place as comfortable as possible. Then, the pregnant woman should be taken to the doctor immediately.

The condition may be more serious, if bleeding in the first eight weeks of pregnancy is severe. After lying on her back, the expectant mother must lift her legs up. In such a case, you may not have time to go to a doctor, therefore, emergency services should be called. If bleeding occurred in the next week of the 23rd week of pregnancy, the first thing to do is to lay the mother in her left side. The mother’s breathing and circulation should be checked, and emergency service should be called. If the amount of bleeding is higher, it means that the problem is serious, and pregnant women should consult a doctor in this situation. In the first three months of pregnancy, the first thought that comes to mind in bleeding is a miscarriage. However, every bleeding does not result in miscarriage.

Accidents and Injuries:

Small or large trauma and injuries occur in 10% of pregnant women for different reasons. The most traumas can be listed as traffic collisions, gunshot wounds, penetrating trauma, accidents due to loss of balance, and assault. Whether a small or large accident or trauma, the expectant mother should consult a doctor immediately, even if she has no complaints.

Dizziness and Fainting during pregnancy:

The amount of blood going to the uterus due to overgrowth of the uterus during pregnancy increases and hence there may be a difficulty in pumping blood instantly to other organs such as the brain, and this may cause dizziness or fainting. These may also occur because of the growing uterus which puts pressure on the mother’s blood vessels. To avoid this, she must stand up very slowly and carefully. Dizziness and fainting may also occur because of hypoglycemia. It also can be avoided by eating less and frequently.

 

If you feel dizziness or fainting, you need to lie down to improve blood circulation and put a pillow under your legs. In this case, there should not be a pillow under your head. Tilting to the left side reduces the pressure on the uterus and relaxes you. On the contrary, to lie on your back or tilting to the right side can increase the pressure of the uterus.

Listening to the fetal heartbeat

The baby’s heart rate should be around 150-160. Infants’ movements should be checked on the ultrasound. If a pregnant woman has severe pains or feels that her baby does not move after trauma, they should consult a gynecologist as soon as possible.

What does trauma cause?

  • Miscarriage
  • Premature Birth
  • Stillbirth
  • Placental abruption
  • Injury of an infant in rare cases
  • In some cases of trauma, the baby’s blood may pass into the mother’s bloodstream.

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