Gestational Diabetes

11.12.2018
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Gestational Diabetes

Women who need to take care of themselves most during their pregnancy have undoubtedly diabetes. This disease can cause many different conditions during their pregnancy. First of all, there are 2 types of diabetes. This diabetes may occur before pregnancy and occur at 24 weeks of gestation, and they are called gestational diabetes. This article explains what pregnant women should do when they are diagnosed with diabetes, and which problems that may occur if it is not treated during pregnancy.

Pregnancy and Pre-existing Diabetes

Women who have diabetes before pregnancy have to follow the diet planned by their doctors, and following this diet together with the gynecologist is an important factor in the healthy pregnancy. Each woman must have a screening test in their 24th week of pregnancy. If the blood glucose value is 140 or higher, Glucose intolerance condition occurs. Gynecologists recommend planning a diet as the most effective treatment for this disease. However, if mothers do not normalize their blood glucose level by diet, insulin treatment will be started.  Pregnant women who have been diagnosed with glucose intolerance should pay great attention to the diet given by their doctors.

If mothers have diabetes before they get pregnant, keeping their blood glucose level under control during pregnancy may become more difficult than before. They may need to change their insulin dosages.

If diabetes is not treated before or during pregnancy, the following problems may occur:

  • High glucose levels in your blood can cause the baby to become too big. In big babies, there is a risk of more problems occurring before and during birth. The risk of having a cesarean section is higher in these babies. Moreover, shoulder dystocia, birth trauma, and prolonged Labor may also occur, when babies are too big.
  • A congenital heart defect and congenital anomalies of the spine and kidneys may occur in babies.
  • During pregnancy, you may have high blood pressure called “preeclampsia, and this can cause problems in both you or your baby.
  • It may cause premature birth (before the 37th week of pregnancy)
  • In the delivery of the baby, there may be a low level of blood glucose that is called “hypoglycemia”.
  • Respiratory problems may occur just after birth, because the lungs of babies are not fully developed.
  • There may occur sudden infant death (cot death / crib death)
  • After birth, there may occur RDS (Respiratory Distress Syndrome) which is also called hyaline membrane disease.
  • After birth, there may occur hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), high bilirubin level and polycythemia (excessive red blood cells in babies).

If you are following the right treatment before and during pregnancy and have regular checks, you have a high chance of giving birth to a healthy baby.

Pregnant women have to exercise during this diet, as well. Generally, most of the people think that being inactive or immobile may be beneficial, but it will cause problems during pregnancy because of a fluctuation in calorie rate. That’s why women should not neglect to do exercise for a healthy pregnancy period.

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